Understanding GHG Fluxes from Forest and Land Use

These materials aim to help de-mystify and explain land use-related mitigation, with a focus on forests and their respective GHG fluxes.


Challenges with Measurement and Accounting of the Plus in REDD+

This report lays out different definitions of the Plus in REDD+, the challenges countries face in measuring and accounting for it, and questions whether current policies are ‘fit for purpose’ for catalyzing carbon removals from forests.

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Large Scale Forestation for Climate Mitigation:
Lessons from South Korea, China, and India

This report analyzes the long-term experiences of three countries that achieved significant carbon sequestration from tree planting and, from this, draws lessons on what is needed, and what could be achievable more broadly for climate mitigation.

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Forest Mitigation:
A Permanent Contribution to the Paris Agreement

This report explains why forest mitigation should be considered on par with emission reductions from other sectors such as fossil fuels, refuting the notion—often expressed—that forest mitigation is not permanent.

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Best Practices for Site Visits and Exchanges

Onsite visits have the potential to be a powerful tool for knowledge sharing, capacity building, network formation, and policy promotion. Such exchanges, site visits, study tours, and exposure visits have been widely used by development organizations, NGOs, and advocacy groups. This analysis suggests best practice and recommended steps to maximize the impact of onsite visits.

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GHG Fluxes from Forests: An assessment of national GHG estimates and independent research

This report seeks to clarify which forest-related emissions and removals are (and are not) included in national GHG inventories submitted to the UNFCCC and to identify and explain divergences with independent studies, including those summarized in IPCC Assessment Reports.

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UNFCCC Accounting for Forests: What’s in and what’s out of NDCs and REDD+

This policy brief provides information on how forests are included in GHG inventories, NDCs and REDD+ reference levels, why their scope may differ, and other issues around “accounting” for forest-related mitigation performance.

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Conservation, Agricultural Production, and Social Inclusion in the Cerrado Biome

Challenges and Opportunities for Conservation, Agricultural Production, and Social Inclusion in the Cerrado Biome defines a set of interventions that could contribute to the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services, social inclusion and support for traditional livelihoods, as well as regional growth in agricultural production in the Cerrado.

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The Impacts of International REDD+ Finance

As of early 2015, nearly $9 billion in public finance has been pledged for REDD+. This study examines the impacts of this significant level of finance for forests and draws lessons for future support. The study is based on a series of in-depth country case studies, in addition to a global literature analysis.

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Disrupting the Global Commodity Business

This paper tells the story of how "strange bedfellows" - an emerging group of indigenous, NGO, corporate and government leaders - are transforming the trillion-dollar global agricultural commodity business to protect forests, benefit local communities, and slow global warming.

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Strategies for Mitigating Climate Change in Agriculture

This report highlights key strategies – led by reduced global beef consumption, reduced food waste, and better farm nutrient management and production – that can deliver big climate wins while maintaining food security and building resilience.

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Community Level Tenure and Forest Condition

This annotated bibliography provides evidence that community tenure over forests can result in more forest cover and more species-rich forests, less deforestation and degradation, and fewer fires than some other approaches to protecting forests.

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Encouraging Government-Foundation Partnerships

Using a case study of collaboration between the Climate and Land Use Alliance, the Government of Indonesia and the Government of Norway, lessons are drawn on how to encourage partnerships and coordination between governments and foundations.

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Understanding Land Use in the UNFCCC

This guide seeks to explain the treatment of land use under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), including requirements for reporting GHG emissions and removals, accounting under the Kyoto Protocol, and guidance for REDD+.

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Effects of Tropical Deforestation on Climate and Agriculture

This policymaker summary of the article "Effects of Tropical Deforestation on Climate and Agriculture" provides evidence that tropical deforestation triggers major shifts in rainfall and increased temperatures worldwide, and that future agricultural productivity around the globe is at risk from deforestation-induced warming and altered rainfall patterns.

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