The forests of Mexico and Central America are among the most biologically diverse in the world, with almost 85 million hectares of natural pine and oak forests and tropical broadleaf forests along both the
 Pacific and Atlantic coasts. Across the region, twelve million people live in forest communities. Such communities own over 60% of Mexico’s forests and they own or manage a large share of the forests of Central America.

Public policies in most tropical countries have often failed to effectively protect forests and biodiversity, respect the rights of forest dwellers, and provide them with adequate standards of living. Mexico and Central America, by contrast, has gone further than any other region in promoting a diverse set of community forestry options that has great potential both for improving existing community forestry efforts and for disseminating the lessons to other regions to encourage forest emissions reductions and improved community rights in other tropical forest nations.


IN MEXICO & CENTRAL AMERICA, we aim to help cut forest emissions in Mexico to zero by 2020 and reduce emissions in Central America by 75% in ways that protect the rights and improve the incomes of indigenous peoples and rural communities, while sharing lessons with other regions.

Where we focus


The Climate and Land Use Alliance supports the development and implementation of an effective, sustainable, and equitable strategy for cutting forest emissions in Mexico and Central America in ways that protect the rights and improve the incomes of indigenous and rural communities and that reduce forest emissions elsewhere by disseminating elements of that strategy to other regions.

The Mexico & Central America Initiative focuses on:

  • Ensuring that relevant stakeholders outside the region adopt community rights to forests based on the lessons from Mexico and Central America
  • Having Mexico’s forest policies strengthen community management of forests
  • Securing greater support for community forest rights in Central America


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Indigenous people will be supported in protecting their forest land and resources through International Land & Forest Tenure Facility. LEARN MORE »