Indonesia is among the world’s largest contributor of greenhouse gases. But the vast majority of Indonesia’s emissions do not come from fossil fuels—instead, they come from the clearing and burning of millions of hectares of forests and peatlands to develop monoculture plantations. Due to a lack of clarity over land rights, conflict between companies and communities threatens the millions of Indonesians in over thirty thousand rural villages that depend directly on the country’s forests for their livelihoods.

The land clearing fires contribute to climate pollution and negatively affect Indonesia’s economy, environment, and global reputation. The fires also have devastating consequences for people’s health, both in Indonesia and in neighboring countries. Given that Indonesia is particularly vulnerable to the harmful effects of climate change—including rising sea levels, famines, floods, and extreme weather patterns—the stakes are high.

To transition away from unsustainable land use and towards clear land rights, strong governance, and rule of law, Indonesia will need new approaches and strategies that prioritize emissions reductions alongside sustainable development goals. With international support from the public and private sector, Indonesia can be a powerful example of how economic growth, climate change mitigation, and human rights protections can go hand in hand—benefiting the nation, its people, and the planet.


IN INDONESIA, we support efforts to reduce emissions from forest and peatlands in ways that secure indigenous peoples' land rights, enhance local livelihoods, and contribute to sustainable development.

Where we focus


We aim to support the Government of Indonesia in its efforts to align its economic development goals with its social and environmental commitments by advancing sustainable, equitable, and profitable land use policies.

We support efforts in the following areas:

  • Low-emissions development policies
  • Secure community land rights
  • Sustainable commodity production
  • Promoting equitable, sustainable development


In support of accelerating climate ambition, eighteen foundations signed a joint statement affirming their commitment to supporting the critical role forests and sustainable land use, and indigenous guardianship of these places, play in the fight against climate change. LEARN MORE »
The International Peat Mapping Team was awarded the Indonesian Peat Prize for their mapping technology. LEARN MORE »
A new set of materials helps explain how forests and land use relate to climate change. LEARN MORE »