The Amazon is the world’s largest rainforest as well as the world’s largest river basin, supplying 20% of the planet’s surface freshwater. Though the basin extends through nine South American countries, the majority lies within Brazil. The region houses a wealth of biodiversity and is home to thousands of indigenous and traditional peoples who have lived in forest communities for centuries. Globally, the Amazon is critically important to the Earth’s climate—both for the role it plays in removing carbon from the atmosphere, and in regulating rainfall patterns.

The Brazilian government has committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 37% in 2025 and 43% by 2030. Until recently, the country made significant progress in reducing forest loss while also increasing production of agricultural commodities. Unfortunately, deforestation is once again on the rise in the Amazon, driving biodiversity loss and carbon emissions. And yet the Amazon is no longer the hotspot for land conversion in the country. Brazil’s agricultural frontier is advancing fastest in the Cerrado, a global biodiversity hotspot and home to indigenous peoples, quilombolas (communities established by Afro-Brazilians), and other traditional communities. Between 2008 and 2012, the rate of conversion of the Cerrado was more than double that of the Amazon. Illegal timber, beef and soy production, mining, and infrastructure continue to drive rural conflict and threaten the traditional rights of indigenous peoples and local communities, while the current political and economic situation undermines prior gains in environmental protection.

Despite the threats, the opportunities for climate change mitigation and social and economic progress are very real. Protecting and restoring Brazil’s natural areas offers an opportunity for the country to provide leadership at the forefront of the global response to climate change.


IN BRAZIL, we support efforts to mitigate climate change by reducing emissions from deforestation and by capturing and storing carbon in Brazil’s Amazon and Cerrado biomes, while promoting biodiversity conservation, the sustainable use of natural resources, and equity and rights for indigenous peoples and traditional communities.

Where we focus


We focus on inclusive growth, land rights, good governance, and legality in our support of efforts to achieve the Brazilian government’s climate and land use commitments, including efforts to advance low-emissions agriculture and to end illegal deforestation.

We support efforts in the following areas:

  • Policy and governance reforms
  • Community land rights and management
  • Conflict- and deforestation-free beef and soy
  • Addressing impacts of infrastructure and extractives


In support of accelerating climate ambition, eighteen foundations signed a joint statement affirming their commitment to supporting the critical role forests and sustainable land use, and indigenous guardianship of these places, play in the fight against climate change. LEARN MORE »
A new set of materials helps explain how forests and land use relate to climate change. LEARN MORE »
Indigenous people will be supported in protecting their forest land and resources through International Land & Forest Tenure Facility. LEARN MORE »