At over 800 million hectares, the Amazon is the world’s largest river basin, supplying 20% of the planet’s surface freshwater and containing the world’s largest rainforest. While the basin extends over the borders of nine South American countries, most of it lies within Brazil.

Deforestation in the Amazon has been the largest contributor to Brazil’s greenhouse gas emissions. Brazil’s explicit target of reducing Amazon deforestation by 80% by 2020 represents one of the biggest emissions reduction commitments by any country in the world. Reductions already achieved demonstrate that reaching this target is possible, but there are many challenges. Remarkably, deforestation has declined at the same time as Brazil’s production of agricultural commodities has increased. Whether that can continue to occur into the future remains unclear.


IN BRAZIL, we aim to contribute to the Brazilian government’s efforts to reduce deforestation in the Amazon region by 80%.

Where we focus


The Climate and Land Use Alliance supports efforts to reconcile these competing demands for land in ways that meet or exceed Brazil’s mitigation targets and related commitments to development, the rights of indigenous and other forest peoples, and the conservation of biodiversity.

The Brazil Initiative focuses on:

  • Strengthening and effectively monitoring implementation of the national climate change policy
  • Consolidating territorial management and sustainable production systems by rural communities
  • Accelerating the shift of cattle and soy production from expansion into native forests to intensification on previously deforested lands
  • Promoting sustainable, low-emissions development through existing and new economic instruments
  • Raising the profile of Amazon deforestation and related land use issues in the national media


A new set of materials helps explain how forests and land use relate to climate change. LEARN MORE »
Indigenous people will be supported in protecting their forest land and resources through International Land & Forest Tenure Facility. LEARN MORE »
Attempting to fight climate change without lifting up communities who protect forests is grave mistake, says Ford Foundation President. LEARN MORE »